Inter­pel­la­ti­on Dobler (17.4089): E‑ID as a ful­ly-fled­ged alter­na­ti­ve to iden­ti­ty card and passport

Inter­pel­la­ti­on Dobler (17.4089): E‑ID as a ful­ly-fled­ged alter­na­ti­ve to iden­ti­ty card and passport

Sub­mit­ted text

For digi­tizati­on to suc­ce­ed in Switz­er­land, we need a nati­on­wi­de elec­tro­nic iden­ti­ty. The e‑ID law is a first step in the right direc­tion. Howe­ver, the respon­ses to the con­sul­ta­ti­on pro­cess show that the­re is poten­ti­al for opti­mizati­on to ensu­re rapid and wide­spread introduction.

For the suc­cess of the E‑ID, the use in public aut­ho­ri­ty traf­fic is decisi­ve: The aut­ho­ri­ties (fede­ral, can­to­nal and muni­ci­pal) must set a good exam­p­le and accept the E‑ID as a ful­ly-fled­ged alter­na­ti­ve to mate­ri­al means of iden­ti­fi­ca­ti­on and authen­ti­ca­ti­on, such as the iden­ti­ty card and pass­port. In this way, the trust of the popu­la­ti­on in the E‑ID will be streng­the­ned and the dis­se­mi­na­ti­on of the E‑ID will be promoted.

The Fede­ral Coun­cil is asked to ans­wer the fol­lo­wing questions:

1. is it pre­pared to prio­ri­ti­ze the use of the e‑ID in public aut­ho­ri­ty tran­sac­tions and in sta­te-rela­ted busi­nesses in the e‑ID Act?

2. how does it plan to pro­mo­te the accep­tance and intro­duc­tion of the sta­te-reco­gnized e‑ID among the aut­ho­ri­ties at the fede­ral, can­to­nal and muni­ci­pal levels? Is it pre­pared to crea­te incentives?

3. will it work in the E‑ID Act to intro­du­ce obli­ga­ti­ons that are as far-rea­ching as pos­si­ble for the accep­tance of the E‑ID in dealings with public authorities?

4. Is the­re a need for legis­la­ti­ve action out­side the E‑ID Act to ensu­re that the E‑ID is accept­ed as a ful­ly-fled­ged means of iden­ti­fi­ca­ti­on and authen­ti­ca­ti­on, like an iden­ti­ty card and pass­port (e.g., in the Iden­ti­ty Docu­ments Act, AwG)?

State­ment of the Fede­ral Coun­cil of 14.2.2018

The Fede­ral Coun­cil is awa­re of the importance of the E‑ID for digi­tizati­on in Switz­er­land. On Novem­ber 15, 2017, after taking note of the results of the con­sul­ta­ti­on, it the­r­e­fo­re ins­truc­ted the FDJP to prepa­re a draft fede­ral law on elec­tro­nic iden­ti­fi­ca­ti­on ser­vices (E‑ID law) by sum­mer 2018. Howe­ver, the Fede­ral Coun­cil does not con­sider the use of the e‑ID in offi­ci­al tran­sac­tions to be the main fac­tor for its suc­ nor­mal­ly the same num­ber of cont­acts with the aut­ho­ri­ties are requi­red per year as the num­ber of cont­acts with the busi­ness com­mu­ni­ty per day. Howe­ver, he is awa­re that in Euro­pe, it is pri­ma­ri­ly tho­se e‑ID solu­ti­ons that allow use in dealings with the aut­ho­ri­ties and in cont­acts with the busi­ness com­mu­ni­ty that have pre­vai­led, as the con­sul­ta­ti­on draft alre­a­dy envisaged.

In light of the­se intro­duc­to­ry remarks, the interpellant’s que­sti­ons are ans­we­red as follows:

1/3 The con­sul­ta­ti­on draft of the E‑ID Act alre­a­dy pro­vi­des in Artic­le 16 that aut­ho­ri­ties which enforce fede­ral law and requi­re elec­tro­nic iden­ti­fi­ca­ti­on must accept any sta­te-reco­gnized E‑ID. Thus, as soon as the­se aut­ho­ri­ties pro­vi­de access to their ser­vices with an online regi­stra­ti­on, they must also accept the govern­ment-appro­ved E‑ID. This regu­la­ti­on is to be inclu­ded in the draft law sub­mit­ted to par­lia­ment. A more far-rea­ching obli­ga­ti­on for the aut­ho­ri­ties of the can­tons and muni­ci­pa­li­ties would requi­re a con­sti­tu­tio­nal amendment.

2 The crea­ti­on of uni­form legal and tech­ni­cal spe­ci­fi­ca­ti­ons for sta­te-reco­gnized e‑IDs envi­sa­ged by the e‑ID Act will break through the pre­vious “silo solu­ti­ons” and crea­te inter­ope­ra­bi­li­ty. This and the resul­ting pos­si­bi­li­ty of dis­pen­sing with an expen­si­ve pro­prie­ta­ry solu­ti­on alre­a­dy crea­te a major incen­ti­ve. The plan­ned use of stan­dard tech­ni­cal pro­to­cols will keep the costs of inte­gra­ting the e‑ID func­tion­a­li­ty into the solu­ti­ons of the fede­ral govern­ment, the can­tons and the muni­ci­pa­li­ties low. In addi­ti­on, the dis­se­mi­na­ti­on of the e‑ID is to be pro­mo­ted through inten­si­fi­ed com­mu­ni­ca­ti­on with all stake­hol­ders involved.

The e‑ID is also a con­cre­te con­tri­bu­ti­on to achie­ving the goals of eGo­vern­ment Switz­er­land and the Fede­ral Council’s stra­tegy for a digi­tal Switz­er­land. All rele­vant stake­hol­ders were invi­ted to par­ti­ci­pa­te in a struc­tu­red dia­log “Digi­tal Switz­er­land”, which was laun­ched tog­e­ther with the new stra­tegy. In this con­text, it should also be noted that the fede­ral govern­ment and the can­tons alre­a­dy sup­port the intro­duc­tion of the e‑ID in the joint prio­ri­ty plan 2017 – 2019 of eGo­vern­ment Switz­er­land. In addi­ti­on, the Con­fe­de­ra­ti­on will also include the imple­men­ta­ti­on and use of the e‑ID as an important focus in the rene­wal of the eGo­vern­ment stra­tegy of the Con­fe­de­ra­ti­on, can­tons and municipalities.

4. it is the respon­si­bi­li­ty of the respon­si­ble offices and spe­cia­list depart­mentsThe aim is to exami­ne the need for legis­la­ti­ve action for the digi­tal trans­for­ma­ti­on of their ser­vices and to regu­la­te the accep­tance of the e‑ID. The draf­ting of the E‑ID Act pro­vi­des the cor­re­spon­ding impe­tus. Accor­ding to the cur­rent regu­la­to­ry con­cept, the pur­po­se of an E‑ID is to be able to iden­ti­fy and authen­ti­ca­te ones­elf in the elec­tro­nic world. It does not entit­le the hol­der to cross natio­nal borders.




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