Inter­pel­la­ti­on Mör­ge­li (10.3728): Cost-inten­si­ve requi­re­ments impo­sed by the FDJP on pri­va­te Inter­net ser­vice companies

Inter­pel­la­ti­on Mör­ge­li (10.3728): Cost-inten­si­ve requi­re­ments impo­sed by the FDJP on pri­va­te Inter­net ser­vice companies
Writ­ten off (28.09.2012)

Sub­mit­ted text

The draft of the revi­sed Fede­ral Act on the Inter­cep­ti­on of Postal and Tele­com­mu­ni­ca­ti­ons Traf­fic (BÜPF) rai­ses num­e­rous pro­blems from the point of view of sta­te poli­cy and the mar­ket eco­no­my. For this rea­son, I would ask the Fede­ral Coun­cil to ans­wer the fol­lo­wing questions:

1. on the basis of which legal basis did the FDJP order the new elec­tro­nic inter­cep­ti­on system ISS even befo­re par­lia­men­ta­ry approval?

2. what is the cost of pro­cu­ring this Inter­cep­ti­on System Switz­er­land (ISS)?

3) What will the FDJP do with regard to the ISS that has alre­a­dy been pro­cu­red if par­lia­ment rejects the revi­sed Fede­ral Act on the Inter­cep­ti­on of Per­so­nal Data (BÜPF)?

4. on the basis of which legal basis does the FDJP ser­vice Sur­veil­lan­ce of Postal and Tele­com­mu­ni­ca­ti­ons Traf­fic (ÜPF) requi­re 650 pri­va­te Inter­net ser­vice pro­vi­ders to moni­tor e‑mail traf­fic and Inter­net tele­pho­ny in real time with imme­dia­te effect?

On what legal basis does the FDJP force hundreds of Inter­net com­pa­nies to purcha­se expen­si­ve instal­la­ti­ons with this request?

6. is the Fede­ral Coun­cil awa­re that with its requi­re­ments for Inter­net ser­vice pro­vi­ders it is for­cing hundreds of SME busi­nesses to make high investments?

7. what is its posi­ti­on on the Inter­net ser­vice pro­vi­ders’ accu­sa­ti­on that the requi­re­ments of the Sur­veil­lan­ce of Postal and Tele­com­mu­ni­ca­ti­ons Traf­fic (ÜPF) ser­vice are tech­ni­cal­ly fla­wed and vir­tual­ly impos­si­ble to implement?

State­ment of the Fede­ral Council

The Fede­ral Coun­cil stri­ves to achie­ve a balan­ce bet­ween the important con­cerns of law enforce­ment, the pro­tec­tion of the fun­da­men­tal rights of the moni­to­red per­sons and the inte­rests of the tele­com­mu­ni­ca­ti­ons ser­vice pro­vi­ders within the frame­work of the prin­ci­ple of legality.

The Inter­cep­ti­on System Switz­er­land (ISS) to be pro­cu­red is a repla­ce­ment pro­cu­re­ment for the pro­ce­s­sing system LIS (Lawful Inter­cep­ti­on System) curr­ent­ly in ope­ra­ti­on, which has rea­ched the end of its ser­vice life. The func­tion­a­li­ty of the ISS system to be pro­cu­red is the same as that of the system to be repla­ced, but adapt­ed to cur­rent and future tech­ni­cal requi­re­ments. Due to this fact, the ISS system to be pro­cu­red com­plies with the appli­ca­ble legal requi­re­ments (Fede­ral Act on the Sur­veil­lan­ce of Postal and Tele­com­mu­ni­ca­ti­ons Traf­fic, BÜPF, SR 780.1) and can the­r­e­fo­re be pro­cu­red and put into ope­ra­ti­on under appli­ca­ble law. Of cour­se, it must be pos­si­ble to use the ISS to meet the addi­tio­nal requi­re­ments that the future BÜPF may bring. The ISS is the­r­e­fo­re desi­gned in such a way that it could be adapt­ed to new requi­re­ments once the revi­sed BÜPF comes into force. Howe­ver, the­se adap­t­ati­ons are not the sub­ject of the cur­rent pro­cu­re­ment project.

2 Par­lia­ment has appro­ved a com­mit­ment cre­dit of 18.2 mil­li­on francs for the ISS pro­ject (2010 Bud­get, Vol. 6, Fede­ral Decis­i­ons, p. 221, V0200.00 Repla­ce­ment Lawful Inter­cep­ti­on System LIS at the FOC), thus it has appro­ved the pro­cu­re­ment of the new elec­tro­nic inter­cep­ti­on system ISS (see que­sti­on 1).

3 Sin­ce the ISS system is alre­a­dy neces­sa­ry for the cor­rect imple­men­ta­ti­on of the appli­ca­ble law (see ans­wer 1), a fail­ure of the BÜPF revi­si­on would not affect the pro­ject. Howe­ver, revi­si­on-rela­ted adjust­ments to the system would fall by the wayside.

4 The obli­ga­ti­ons of tele­com­mu­ni­ca­ti­ons ser­vice pro­vi­ders are gover­ned by Artic­le 15 of the Fede­ral Act on Tele­com­mu­ni­ca­ti­ons Ser­vices (BÜPF), which ente­red into force on 1 Janu­ary 2002. Accor­ding to this artic­le, tele­com­mu­ni­ca­ti­ons ser­vice pro­vi­ders must pro­vi­de the ÜPF ser­vice, upon request, with the sur­veil­lan­ce data from real-time sur­veil­lan­ce reque­sted by the law enforce­ment aut­ho­ri­ties, as well as retroac­ti­ve data. The law does not speak of indi­vi­du­al tele­com­mu­ni­ca­ti­ons tech­no­lo­gies, but of the data to be pro­vi­ded. In order to be able to pro­vi­de this data to the ÜPF ser­vice, the tele­com­mu­ni­ca­ti­ons ser­vice pro­vi­ders must have the neces­sa­ry tech­ni­cal equip­ment. Accor­ding to the exi­sting legal foun­da­ti­ons (Art. 15 BÜPF; Art. 18 Para. 2 and 26 Para. 2 VÜPF), the tele­com­mu­ni­ca­ti­ons ser­vice pro­vi­ders are obli­ged to ensu­re the moni­to­ring of tele­com­mu­ni­ca­ti­ons traf­fic from the start of cus­to­mer ope­ra­ti­on of a tele­com­mu­ni­ca­ti­ons service.

5/6 Tele­com­mu­ni­ca­ti­ons ser­vice pro­vi­ders that fall under the scope of the BÜPF are obli­ged under Artic­le 16(1) BÜPF to pro­cu­re and imple­ment the equip­ment neces­sa­ry for inter­cep­ti­on at their own expen­se. This legal obli­ga­ti­on has exi­sted sin­ce the cur­rent law came into force, i.e. for a good ten years. The fact that it is now being adapt­ed to the sta­te of the art was just as pre­dic­ta­ble as it is neces­sa­ry in order to be able to car­ry out effec­ti­ve tele­com­mu­ni­ca­ti­ons sur­veil­lan­ce to com­bat crime. Inci­den­tal­ly, com­pa­nies spe­cia­li­zing in the field of sur­veil­lan­ce tech­no­lo­gies offer both small and medi­um to lar­ge-sca­le solu­ti­ons for sur­veil­lan­ce tech­no­lo­gies. With the­se cus­to­mizable solu­ti­ons, the prin­ci­ple of pro­por­tio­na­li­ty is maintained.

7 The con­nec­tion to the LIS system works and has long been imple­men­ted with num­e­rous tele­com­mu­ni­ca­ti­ons ser­vice pro­vi­ders. Inci­den­tal­ly, the tech­ni­cal, orga­nizatio­nal and admi­ni­stra­ti­ve gui­de­lines are lar­ge­ly based on the stan­dards of the Euro­pean Tele­com­mu­ni­ca­ti­ons Stan­dards Insti­tu­te, the so-cal­led ETSI stan­dards, which are known to the indu­stry throug­hout Euro­pe. The gui­de­lines are being deve­lo­ped in clo­se coope­ra­ti­on with the tele­com­mu­ni­ca­ti­ons ser­vice pro­vi­ders and adapt­ed to the new requi­re­ments. A new con­sul­ta­ti­on pro­cess with tele­com­mu­ni­ca­ti­ons ser­vice pro­vi­ders is curr­ent­ly under­way, after which the gui­de­lines will be revi­sed and published.




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